Satu hal yang dulu saya impikan untuk dilakukan di Amerika Serikat dan sekarang sering saya lakukan adalah adalah thrift shopping, berburu barang-barang bekas (dan terkadang baru) dengan harga sangat miring di berbagai tempat. Di Lawrence, Kansas tempat saya tinggal, terdapat beberapa thrift stores, toko-toko yang khusus menjual barang-barang sumbangan dengan harga miring, misalnya jaringan nasional seperti Goodwill dan Salvation Army serta pula toko-toko lokal seperti St. John’s Rummage Shop dan Social Service League. Sebagian hasil penjualan barang-barang ini umumnya disumbangkan untuk program-program kemanusiaan seperti pengentasan kemiskinan dan pencegahan dan penyembuhan penyakit.
Akan tetapi, thrifting tidak hanya berhenti di thrift stores saja. Ada banyak kesempatan untuk berburu barang-barang murah dengan harga sangat miring di tempat-tempat lain, semisal di garage sale yang bisa jadi diadakan oleh perorangan atau komunitas pada akhir pekan. Garage sale jadi semacam kegiatan akhir pekan favorit bagi kami, berkunjung ke garasi tetangga yang menjual sebagian barang yang sudah tidak digunakannya lagi dengan harga sangat murah dan terkadang bisa ditawar.
Bisnis ritel di Amerika Serikat saat ini melesu dan thrifting menjalar ke toko-toko yang akan bangkrut. Toko-toko yang akan tutup ini umumnya melakukan liquidation sale, menjual semua aset dengan harga sangat miring. Salah satu jaringan department store yang sudah bangkrut di Lawrence adalah Hastings, yang sempat saya kunjungi pada bulan Oktober lalu sebelum tutup selamanya pada bulan November. Yang akan tutup berikutnya sepertinya adalah jaringan toko pakaian JC Penney, yang saat ini sedang melakukan liquidation sale.
Saya berusaha untuk tidak menyia-nyiakan kesempatan thrifting ini dengan mengoleksi musik dalam format CD. Mengapa CD? Tentunya karena CD lebih mudah ditemui di Amerika Serikat daripada kaset, yang banyak saya koleksi di Indonesia. Harga CD di thrift stores pun lebih bersahabat, umumnya berkisar hanya dari 50 sen hingga 2 dolar saja per CD, dan di garage sale bisa jadi malah lebih murah, bahkan untuk album yang bisa dibilang langka, setidaknya langka bagi saya yang tidak pernah menemukan album tersebut di Indonesia. Sebagai pendengar musik rock klasik, tujuan utama saya dalam berburu CD adalah album-album yang rock 60an dan 70an yang kerap dianggap klasik, tetapi saya pun terkadang juga membeli album-album yang menurut saya menarik atau punya nilai emosional dan nostalgik.
Saya pertama kali berburu CD di Hastings, toko yang saya sebut di atas, sekitar sebulan sebelum toko itu tutup. Seluruh koleksi CD diobral dengan harga mulai dari 80 sen saja. Berikut ini adalah beberapa CD yang saya peroleh di Hastings, selain juga beberapa DVD, buku komik, dan pakaian.
Blood, Sweat and Tears – Child Is Father to the Man (1968, versi rilis CD 2000)
Album ini adalah salah satu album yang telah lama masuk ke dalam daftar album yang paling ingin saya miliki, dan saya menemukannya di Hastings dengan harga hanya sedolar saja! Ini adalah album pertama Blood, Sweat and Tears, band yang didirikan oleh Al Kooper yang awalnya populer karena suara organ yang ikonik di single elektrik pertama Bob Dylan, “Like a Rolling Stone”, padahal Al Kooper sendiri awalnya adalah seorang gitaris. Di Indonesia, Blood, Sweat and Tears dikenal pertama kali lewat lagu “I Love You More Than You’ll Ever Know” yang bluesy, single pertama dari album ini. Akan tetapi, album ini lebih dari sekadar blues dan suara organ Hammond. Ini mungkin adalah salah satu album rock paling eksploratif dengan sentuhan orkestra, blues, jazz, aroma psikedelik yang kental, dan seksi tiup yang integral (sebelum Chicago datang setahun kemudian). Ini adalah album yang unik dan mungkin terbaik dalam sejarah Blood, Sweat and Tears, karena setelah ini Al Kooper memilih mundur dari band yang didirikannya dan Blood, Sweat and Tears memilih jalur yang lebih komersial tetapi tidak pernah seinovatif ini.
King Crimson – In the Court of the Crimson King: An Observation by King Crimson 40th Anniversary Edition (1969, versi rilis CD 2009)
Ketika saya melihat album ini di rak Hastings, saya hampir berteriak, seperti lukisan Barry Godber yang menjadi sampul album ini. In the Court of the Crimson King edisi khusus 40 tahun, 2 CD, baru hanya seharga $1.78 pula! Ini adalah album yang cukup sulit didapat di Indonesia, yang ketika tersedia pun umumnya harganya cukup mahal. Bagi para pendengar rock progresif, ini adalah salah satu album pelopor dalam eksplorasi progresif. Ini adalah album yang tetap segar dan menua dengan sangat baik; putar “21st Century Schizoid Man” dan sulit untuk tidak mengira bahwa Tool, Porcupine Tree, dan Mars Volta terpengaruh oleh band ini. Hasil remix stereo Steven Wilson (ya, Steven Wilson dari Porcupine Tree) di edisi ini membuat album ini terdengar lebih segar dan detil. Bagi yang menginginkan pengalaman yang lebih dekat dengan versi tahun 1969, CD 2 berisi edisi master orisinil yang pernah dirilis sebelumnya pada tahun 2004.
Kula Shaker – K (1996, edisi CD pertama)
K adalah album yang saya dengar dalam berbagai fase hidup saya sejak saya masih SMP (walaupun pada waktu itu saya masih belum bisa menikmati album ini sepenuhnya) lewat kaset pinjaman dari seorang teman sekelas, tetapi ini juga album yang tidak pernah saya punya dalam format apapun sampai saat ini. Ini adalah album yang masih saya nikmati sampai sekarang, terutama sejak saya membeli CD ini bulan Oktober lalu. Secara musikal, ini adalah rock Inggris (atau Britpop, terserah deh) psikedelik yang sangat bagus dan secara personal, ini adalah album yang penuh nostalgia.
New Kids on the Block – Step by Step (1990, versi rilis CD 2000)
Akhir tahun 1990 bagi saya adalah serial animasi New Kids on the Block di TPI pada Minggu pagi dan video klip “Step by Step” dan “Tonight” di malam hari. Di antara dua tayangan tersebut, saya biasa menghabiskan waktu bermain dengan teman-teman yang kerap berbaju gombrong ala Danny Wood atau Jordan Knight atau bertopi hitam seperti Donnie Wahlberg. Album pertama yang orang tua saya belikan khusus untuk saya adalah album Step by Step dalam format kaset. Walaupun kegemaran saya akan NKOTB tidak berlanjut hingga saya remaja, Step by Step menurut saya masih salah satu album pop terbaik pada masanya dan album boyband terbaik dari segi musik. Ketika saya menemukan album ini dalam format CD di Hastings, tentunya tidak ada pilihan lain selain membelinya (lagipula harganya hanya sedolar)!
Sampai jumpa di artikel berburu CD musik berikutnya dengan CD-CD yang saya temukan di thrift stores!
Janto Diablo just added me as a friend on facebook and we had a short chat afterwards. And my heart leapt up. He sang lead on two songs, shared vocal duties on two more songs, played bass and flute and provided backing vocals in Shark Move’s only album, Ghede Chokra’s, released in perhaps 1970 or 1971. His outstanding contribution to the album is often overshadowed by the fact that the band was directed by prog luminary Benny Soebardja, who would go on to break new grounds and scored longer success with the proto-prog-metal outfit Giant Step.
The songs that he sang, the bluesy and improvisational “Harga” (in which Janto also played a wicked flute solo) and the anti-drug song (!) “Madat” are perhaps two of the best rock ballads ever to grace my life. The bass guitar riff and solo of “Evil War” will be forever etched in my mind. His high-pitched, bluesy vocal work is tinged here and there with Sundanese intonation and inflection, making his voice all the more unique.
Janto Diablo (born Janto Suprapto) hailed from Bandung and has been living in the city ever since. He started his career in music in the 1960s. Later in the decade, Janto formed and performed with Diablo, a rather tenacious yet short-lived rock band. Shortly thereafter, he became known as Janto Diablo. The nickname was carried over to his next band, Shark Move, after Diablo folded in early 1970. Shark Move folded too only over a year later, after some of the members left, including keyboardist Soman Lubis who later joined aspiring God Bless. Benny Soebardja eventually called it a day for the band and moved on to form Giant Step. After Shark Move, Janto was involved in a number of musical projects before settling on working for Aktuil production house, as well as having a long backstage career as a stage manager and later as a concert promoter. One of the concerts that he managed early in his career was the bustling Deep Purple Concert in 1975 in Istora Senayan, Jakarta.
35 years after they called it quits, Shark Move reunited in a tribute to the late Gito Rollies, former lead singer of fellow Bandung band The Rollies and a legendary artist on his own right. Shark Move went on to perform in a full-scale reunion concert, titled Shark on the Move (a reference to Giant Step’s album, Giant on the Move, and the fact that the reunion featured also several songs by Giant Step) featuring a fixed Shark Move line-up along with performances from former Giant Step members and Benny Soebardja’s sons playing an expanded repertoire of Shark Move and Giant Step songs. Shark Move still performs occasionally up to this day with revolving line-ups, with Benny and Janto as the mainstays. Amazingly, Janto’s voice has changed very little after more than forty years. He still sings “Madat” with the same bravado found in Ghede Chokra’s:
Kini telah kuniatkan
Persetan dengan goda dan rintangan
Segala omong kosong tentang kasih dan sayang
Persetan dengan cinta dan perdamaian
‘Kan kuserbu musuh biar seribu
‘Kan kubunuh, ‘kan kubunuh, ‘kan kubunuh…
The Mercy’s are a pop band formed in Medan, Sumatera Utara, Indonesia in the late 60s. They were one of the bands that gained considerable popularity after the wake of Koes Plus. During their heydays in the 70s, they were considered among the top five bands of the era, along with Koes Plus, Panbers, D’lloyd, and the Favourite’s Group. Much like the other four bands, they continue to enjoy lasting success and recognition through a number of hit songs, re-released and remastered over the years by their record label, Remaco. Some of the members of the band have been elevated to legendary status as they charted lasting impact in the history of popular music in Indonesia.
Depending on the sources on the net, The Mercy’s formed in either 1965 or 1969. The band’s name was said to derive from the popular nickname of Mercedes-Benz cars, the Mercy. It was possible that the band formed in 1965, yet they did not fare well until 1969, when they secured a contract for a string of gigs in Malaysia and Singapore. At the time, a great number of Indonesian bands and singers had been contracted for playing in public places in Malaysia and Singapore, sometimes for months. The first of these bands were The Peels, which included future prog luminary Benny Soebardja on guitar, whose tenure in 1967 resulted in a local best-selling live album as well as a handful of singles, mostly covers on Indonesian traditional and popular songs. The trend of Indonesian musicians touring Malaysia and Singapore started from then on to the early 70s, with a number of these bands and singers eventually signing recording deals with international record labels, such as RCA/Victor and Philips.
The line-up that had been set to play in Malaysia comprised founding members Rizal Arsyad (rhythm guitar), brothers Erwin (lead guitar) and Rinto Harahap (bass guitar, vocal), Iskandar (lead vocal, keyboards) and Reynold Panggabean (drums, percussion). Prior to their departure, Iskandar left the band to concentrate more on his studies in medicine. The remaining members of the band rushed to find the replacement and installed Charles Hutagalung to fill in Iskandar’s spot. Charles proved to be a dependable member and soon became key to The Mercy’s success in both performance and recording. The band’s tenure in Malaysia lasted six months, with the band performing covers of Indonesian popular and traditional songs with originals thrown in here and there for good measure. They enjoyed lasting popularity in Malaysia, resulting in some of their albums released by Malaysian labels in the 70s.
Going back to Medan from Malaysia, with cancelled Singaporean tour dates and Charles becoming a full-time member, the band seek to secure a recording contract. Following in the footsteps of Panbers, a fellow Medan band whose first album had made considerable national impact, The Mercy’s made a move to Jakarta in the early 70s. Rizal refused to move with the band and chose to continue his study in Germany.
After a series of sessions, it was clear that the band’s main songwriters were Charles and Rinto, with few contribution from Erwin and Reynold. However, the “leader” of the band was always Erwin Harahap, as was also stated later on the sleeves of their albums. Charles and Rinto each had a fair share of writing both sentimental, slow songs and more upbeat, rock n’ roll tunes which was showcased in their early efforts, particularly in the first two albums (later re-released by Remaco in 2003 as a single-cassette split album). Seeking to diversify their sound, which was by then dominated by Charles’s organ sweeps and Reynold’s percussive attack, the band asked Albert Sumlang, an aspiring saxophone player, to join in. In the band’s first album, Albert’s expressive, soaring and sometimes wailing saxophone work can be heard on a number of songs. Albert also contributed one song to the first album, “Kisah Seorang Pramuria,” one of the band’s career-defining songs.
The band eventually secured a contract with Purnama Records and in 1972, their first album was released to much fanfare. The upbeat songs, such as “Di Pantai”, showcased what The Mercy’s were made of. It was, however, the band’s slower, more melancholic songs that fared better: “Tiada Lagi”, “Kisah Seorang Pramuria” and “Love.” The success of “Tiada Lagi”, their first single, was interrupted by a fellow Medan band, Judas, claiming that the song was theirs. To this day, however, the song still belongs to the Mercy’s back catalogue. “Kisah Seorang Pramuria” was considered to be their runaway success and perhaps their career-defining song. It was the song that people today identify most with The Mercy’s. It has all the trademarks of the band’s career: Charles’s nasal voice and Farfisa riffing, Albert’s meandering saxophone work and the sense of balladry supported by narrative lyrics told in first person which was to become The Mercy’s lasting style. The band also started their trend of inserting a song with English lyrics in their albums with the song “Love”, known for Charles’s and Albert’s emotional delivery on their instruments.
The second album followed a year later with pretty much the same formula and met with pretty much the same success. By the third album, the band had pretty much established a stable formula: lots of the trademark ballads with a few upbeat and jamming-oriented songs such as “Woman” and “Tak Mungkin” sometimes showcasing their rock n’ roll, blues and hustle roots. During this era, the band accumulated a lot of following and was even voted as the most popular band by several magazines and polls, including the poll conducted by the Armed Forces (!), considered the most prestigious popular music poll at the time.
At the height of the band’s popularity, Albert was fired in 1974 shortly after finishing the band’s eighth album, citing personal and musical differences. The band decided that they could go on without Albert and moved on as a quartet. After Albert’s departure, things got more laid back in the band’s quarter, thus allowing Charles to form a short-lived project called Ge & Ge (Genial and Gentlemen), whose musical output was not drastically different from The Mercy’s. The project, however, enjoyed moderate success with the single “Hanya Satu,” which sometimes finds itself amidst a compilation of The Mercy’s songs, despite being performed by an entirely different band. Rinto traced back his Malay and Batak roots and experimented with traditional music. This was evident later in the band’s three volumes of pop Melayu (Malay pop), released perhaps to cash in on the success of Koes Plus’s pop Melayu albums. Koes Plus were The Mercy’s label mates as The Mercy’s switched labels from Purnama to Remaco from their eighth album onwards. However, being more in touch with Malay and Batak musical tradition, The Mercy’s Malay pop outputs were drastically different from Koes Plus’s. While Koes Plus rejected to release a Mandarin-pop-influenced album, The Mercy’s agreed on releasing a Mandarin-pop-styled album, sometime at the end of their recording career. It was at this point also The Mercy’s re-recorded their early hits without Albert, with Charles’s organ and Erwin’s guitar solos replacing Albert’s parts. The session resulted in sleeker and more polished versions of their songs. The results of this session were later used for many of the band’s greatest hits compilation albums, thus diminishing Albert’s role in the eyes of many late listeners of the band except for a handful of songs.
By 1978, it was clear that the band had become a shadow of their former selves. The balladry formula was no longer tried and true, but rather a tired one. Their ballads have become sappier yet less emotional. The return of Albert and the release of their final studio album, Mimpi, did not save them from calling it a day. By late 1978, the members parted ways and minded their own business. Charles chose to pursue his solo career and did not revive Ge & Ge. Rinto and Erwin became songwriters and producers for other musicians, establishing Lollypop Records, with Rinto becoming a more influential figure in pop music. Reynold ventured into the realm of fusion dangdut with his then wife, Camellia Malik, in an outfit called Tarantula. Albert continued on as a session saxophonist and ventured cafes in the Netherlands at times.
Twenty years after the breakup, the band chose to reunite and tour the nostalgia circuit. The reunion resulted in a live album and a karaoke album with old songs in new arrangements. They toured extensively with great success with Charles particularly in good spirits after recovering from stroke. One of their most memorable post-reunion performances was the televised sold out concert at Ancol, where they shared the stage with their contemporaries, D’lloyd and Koes Plus. The band’s newfound success was cut short, however, by Charles’s death in 2001. Realizing that they could never replace Charles, the remaining band members parted ways once again.
The legacy of the band lives on to this day, thanks to Remaco releasing a number of greatest hits albums and inserting the band’s songs into select compilation albums of Indonesian evergreen hits. In 2003, Remaco also remastered and re-released the band’s first six albums, whose rights were previously owned by Purnama Records, finally giving a chance to the younger generation to grasp The Mercy’s original, rawer sound. In January 2005, the band’s Rinto-penned ballad, “Ayah,” was reworked as “Aceh” and released as a single from the charity album for the 2004 tsunami/earthquake disaster in Aceh. The single was performed by a number of well-known Indonesian singers, including Ariel of Peterpan and Candil (then) of Seurieus.
Rinto hinted in an interview that The Mercy’s were never dissolved, but the band’s reunion is rendered improbable due to the apparent absence of Charles and that, at the time, there was nobody suitable enough to replace him. However, the final fate of the band was seemingly sealed by the death of Albert Sumlang in 2009. Concerts to honor The Mercy’s musical legacy have been held sporadically at times, with the latest held in November 2012, joined by Rinto who jammed with the sons of Albert Sumlang.
It is never an understatement to say that The Mercy’s have lasting impact on popular music in Indonesia. Along with Panbers and D’lloyd, they were the main proponents of Malay music influence in Indonesian popular music, which can be traced in a number of Indonesian bands today. The members of The Mercy’s are also astute in continuing their band’s legacy. The Mercy’s were influenced by Batak pop music and they also, in turn, influenced Batak pop music. This was continued by Charles Hutagalung through his activities in Batak pop music circles, making him a respectable figure in the development of Batak pop music. Rinto Harahap almost single-handedly revived Indonesian sentimental pop in early 80s and brought an unprecedented number of mostly female Indonesian sentimental singers to fame. This move has led him to both fame and notoriety. He, along with other producers following in his footsteps, was blamed for over-sentimentalizing pop music, resulting in sappy and counterproductive songs which were banned (!) by the Ministry of Information in the late 80s. However, to many musicians today, Rinto is respected as a great songwriter and producer and his great contribution to The Mercy’s and Indonesian pop music in general has been honored by two tribute albums by younger musicians.